Short URL: http://tnot.es/ER - National Anthem of Eritrea.
Eritrea was formerly under Italian control, and then taken over by
Great Britain during World War II.
Country Information, Eritrea Destinations, Eritrean Liberation Front,- Map of
Eritrea, Massawa, The Red Sea, War and Famine.
Countries neighbouring Eritrea are: Sudan, Ethiopia and Djibouti.
Eritrea remained a British protectorate from 1941 until 1952.
At the insistence of the UN General Assembly the federation of Eritrea
with Ethiopia was to be completed by September 1952.
Once the federation was concluded, Haile Selassie of Ethiopia made
moves to end Eritrea's autonomy.
Within ten years Eritrea had been reduced to a province of Ethiopia.
The seeds of resentment had already been sown, and watered.
A large file with readable place names around Eritrea.
Eritrea Language and Culture
Eritrea reflects many languages, cultures, and religions because of
its diverse population.
Despite this ethnic diversity, the Eritreans have been closely bonded
by their long drawn-out opposition to Ethiopian control.
The Eritrean Liberation Front sprouted up in 1958 and an armed
struggle, that would last for 30 years, was getting under way; to be pursued more
vigorously by a military splinter group called the Eritrean People's Liberation Front.
After capturing the major towns in the early 1990's, the EPLF were
finally recognised by the international community as a provisional government.
An almost unanimous vote in favour of independence in April 1993,
earned Eritrea a place in the United Nations the following month.
Sovereignty was proclaimed on May 24th.
Asmara succeeded Massawa as the capital of Eritrea in 1900, when
the country was an Italian colony, and remained the capital when Eritrea gained
independence from Ethiopia in 1993.
As well as the Grand Mosque there is also a Roman Catholic cathedral
in Asmara. The former Colonial Palace is also worth a visit.
Walking in Asmara:
Although it would be easy to think of Asmara, the Eritrean capital, solely as an Italian
built colonial city, its origins actually reach back some 700 years.
Getting Around Asmara
Asmara Public Busses:
Public transport is well organised in Asmara. Busses and mini busses have specific stops
where they can be boarded.
This seaport, on the Red Sea near Asmara, was for many centuries a
dominion of Abyssinia.
Then the Ottoman Turks took possession of it between the 16th and 18th
centuries until it was ceded to Egypt in 1864.
Italian troops occupied Massawa in 1885, and it became a part of
Massawa: (by Mebrat Tzehaie)
There is not much of interest in the mainland part of the town,
although this is where the majority of the population live. The first of the two islands
is called Taulud with the old railway station, the St Mariam's Cathedral and the Imperial
Palace. Crossing the second causeway you enter the rather Moorish port area of town.
Intermingled with larger ships are numerous hours from Yemen
and Saudi Arabia.
Other major cities include Assab, Keren, Nak'fa, Ak'ordat, and
Dekemhare: (by Mebrat Tzehaie)
Dekemhare - once the site of fairly extensive agricultural and light industry, and famous
for its wine - suffered through several skirmishes and offensives during the War of
Keren: (by Mebrat Tzehaie)
This mountain city is one of the five major secondary towns in Eritrea, with a population
of 121,000, and the regional capital of the Anseba Region.
Mendefera: (by Mebrat Tzehaie)
Mendefera - a bustling market town - is also known as Adi Ugri.
The live-aboard boat you choose for your Red Sea holiday may carry oxygen, but have no
means of delivering it. It may have a poorly qualified crew. It may even be unseaworthy.
John Bantin's survival guide suggests a list of questions to ask if you want to avoid a
War, drought and famine have hit the country hard and by
independence it was estimated that 20% of the population was displaced and as many as half
a million were living as refugees in Sudan.
Browse Amazon's best-selling list of books on travel in Eritrea.
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