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Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa, and takes its name
from that of its major river, the Niger.
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Countries neighbouring Nigeria are: Benin, Niger, Chad and Cameroon.
Nigeria was once a number of ethnically based kingdoms and rival
Yoruba states until the British brought them under its control, in the early 1900s.
The country became independent on October 1, 1960, but tension among
its ethnic groups soon followed.
The Yoruba were mainly in the south-west, the Ibo in the south-east,
and the Hausa and Fulani in the north.
Weather in Africa:
Local weather forecasts for destinations around Africa.
When Nigeria came under military control, in 1966, the mainly
Christian Ibo people tried to separate from Nigeria.
After suffering a massacre at the hands of the mainly Islamic Hausa
and Fulani people, who dominated the government, the Ibo formed the Republic of Biafra
This sparked off a civil war, and an estimated million people died in
Biafra; from starvation, caused by food shortages.
Nigeria by Road
Nigeria's excellent network of roads include motorways linking Lagos
to Ibadan and Benin City.
Nigeria by Rail
Like many European countries, railways in Nigeria have declined in
importance because of competition from the expanding road system.
Nigeria by Air
Security at Lagos airport has not always been considered at its best
in recent years.
Airlines and Airports:
International airports serve Lagos on the coast and Kano in the north, while smaller
airfields provide services to other major cities. Nigeria Airways is the state-owned
Flies from Lagos to Abuja, Amsterdam, Banjul, Bombay, Freetown, Kano, Nairobi and Port
The Niger river enters Nigeria at the north-western border with Niger and Benin, and empties into the
Atlantic Ocean in the south; forming the largest delta in Africa.
In this area you can find mangrove forests, lagoons, and swamps; and
of course crocodiles and snakes.
In the Northeast, the rivers drain into Lake Chad.
Large African mammals have mostly disappeared from Nigeria, as a
result of man's heavy presence in the country.
Abuja, in the centre of Nigeria, replaced Lagos - the largest city
- as the national capital in December 1991; after 15 years of planning and construction.
Planners sought to create a national city in an ethnically neutral
area, where none of Nigeria's social and religious groups would be dominant.
Lagos is built on several islands and parts of the mainland, on
the Bight of Benin.
It is still considered the cultural and commercial capital of Nigeria,
and at times it seems as though the whole country is in the streets.
The old city is on western Lagos island.
The main ethnic group of Lagos are the Yoruba people, and it was on
this old Yoruba settlement that early Portuguese traders bestowed the name of one of their
Lagos might not be the ideal starting point for a trip to West Africa, but at least the
Nigerians speak English, and to travel West from here gives you the beaches of Gambia to relax on at the end of it all.
Hotels in Nigeria:
Find hotels in Nigeria with special online rates.
Hotels in Lagos
The Wheatbaker Lagos:
4 Lawrence Road, Ikoyi, Lagos, Nigeria.
The 5-star Wheatbaker Lagos is a stylish and modern luxury boutique
hotel, ideal for the corporate traveller.
Guests at The Wheatbaker Lagos
said the rooms were in good condition, comfortable and immaculate. They were also
impressed with the level of service provided by staff.
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This is the mother of Nigerian websites. Packed to the brims with useful information on
Nigeria, with links out of the site to help you further. If you've still got a question,
try the questions and answers
Latest news headlines from Nigeria and a message-board frequented by the eCommunity of
The official language of Nigeria is English.
Hausa is the most widely spoken of the African languages, mainly in
the north; followed by Yoruba, Ibo, Kanuri, and Tiv.
Nigeria has a rich cultural tradition.
Terracotta sculptures and Benin bronze work from the region are famous
throughout the world.
Traditional storytelling has also influenced the modern written work
of Amos Tutuola, Wole Soyinka, Chinua Achebe, and Ben Okri.
House Has Fallen:
To understand Africa, you have to understand Nigeria, and few Americans understand Nigeria
better than Karl Maier; presenting you with a bracing, disturbing, evocative report on the
state of Africa's most populous, potentially richest, and most dangerously dysfunctional
The Nigerian government has tried to stop the sale and shipment of
major Nigerian works of art out of the country, and has requested the return of art taken
out during the colonial era.
This gives the visitor to Nigeria a culturally rich choice of museums
to visit in many towns outside of Lagos: Benin City, Ibadan, Ife, Ilorin, Jos, and Kaduna.
Travel Guides - Nigeria
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