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Tanzania was formed by the federation of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, in 1964. The histories of the two areas are quite
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Countries neighbouring Tanzania are: Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,
Democratic Republic of Congo, Zambia, Mali and Mozambique.
The United Republic of Tanzania also includes the islands of Zanzibar and Pemba, and other offshore islands in the Indian
When dividing the area up among themselves, in the late 1800s, the
Germans and the British ignored the claims to parts of Tanganyika by the sultan of
The start of World War I disrupted the great plans Germany had for its part of East Africa, and the British
eventually took control of the area.
Tanganyika gained independence in 1961, and after an abortive coup in
January 1964, the Tanganyikan president, Julius Nyerere, held discussions with Prime
Minister Karume of Zanzibar; in an attempt to strengthen his government against
The talks led to the formation of Tanzania, in April 1964. Despite
the change in name, the two areas remained fundamentally different.
Tanzania experimented with socialism, supported other African
liberation movements. Although it maintained good relations with the West, Tanzania moved
closer in philosophy and practice to the Communist-bloc countries; China helping out with
Economic reform programmes and a move towards a multiparty system
began in the early nineties.
Top tourist destinations in Tanzania are Ngorongoro Crater, Serengeti
National Park, Zanzibar and Pemba islands, Tarangire National Park, Lake Manyara National
Park, Mount Kilimanjaro, Selous Game Reserve, Ruaha National Park, Mafia Island, and Mount
Weather in Africa:
Local weather forecasts for destinations around Africa.
Tanzania accommodation options vary from budget to luxury hotels,
exclusive safari lodges, villas and cottages.
Hotels in Tanzania:
Find hotels in Tanzania with special online rates.
Impala Hotels Group
Impala Hotel Arusha, Impala Hotel Kilimanjaro, Ngurdoto Mountain Lodge, Naura Springs Hotel combine to provide over
700 guest rooms and more than 20 presidential suites, for travellers seeking a little
luxury in Tanzania.
The coastal city of Dar es-Salaam, has some of the best hotels in
Dar es-Salaam is the country's largest city, and principal
seaport. The name in Arabic means haven of peace; founded as a summer residence of the
sultan of Zanzibar, in the 1860s.
German colonialists developed Dar es-Salaam in the late 19th century
and made it their capital of German East Africa.
The British took over control in 1916, and it became the capital of a
newly independent Tanganyika in 1961, and continued as the seat of administration when
Tanganyika and Zanzibar were merged to form Tanzania in 1964.
The Railway extends inland from Dar es-Salaam to Arusha in the north,
to Lake Tanganyika, to Mwanza on Lake Victoria, and to Zambia. A
railway also runs to the Indian Ocean ports of Tanga in Tanzania, and Mombassa in Kenya.
Hotels in Dar es-Salaam
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The official languages of Tanzania are Swahili and English,
although many Tanzanians continue to speak the language of their ethnic group.
There is a strong tradition of education through storytelling in
Tanzania, and many people listen to regular soap operas on the radio.
An especially gripping story is the one about Mashaka, a lorry driver
who has a girlfriend in every town. Some 6 million people a week tune in to listen to
Mashaka's plight. His health is failing; a message about promiscuity and the risk of
contracting the Aids virus.
Africa's highest mountain (5,895 m or 19,340 ft) is in
north-eastern Tanzania, near the border with Kenya.
With no mountaineering skills necessary to reach the summit, even non-climbers can
experience the thrill of climbing one of the worlds greatest peaks.
Tanzania's popular national park, in the north of the country, is
one of the last places in Africa where large animal migrations still occur.
During the wet season, the herds populate the south-eastern plains of
the park; migrating westwards in the dry season into the woodland savannah of the
Serengeti, and northwards to the grassland areas of neighbouring Kenya.
in Northern Tanzania:
The magnificent collection of game sanctuaries to the north of the country, near the
border with Kenya, is referred to as The Northern Circuit. This is the most popular and
accessible wildlife safari route in Tanzania and one of the finest game viewing areas
anywhere in the world.
Sernegeti: (National Park
The Serengeti region encompasses the Serengeti National Park itself, the Ngorongoro
Conservation Area, Maswa Game Reserve, the Loliondo, Grumeti and Ikorongo Controlled Areas
and the Maasai Mara National Reserve in Kenya. Over 90,000 tourists visit the Park each
Tanga is an important port on the Indian Ocean, near the border
You can relax on beaches around the bay, or visit Persian ruins from
the 14th century, on an island in the harbour.
Nearby are the Amboni Caves (off the road to Lunga Lunga) and Sulphur
Tanganyika was where some of the earth's ancestors of human beings
once lived. Their remains have been found in the Olduvai Gorge area, near Arusha.
Some 20km south of Tanga (on the road to Pangani) are the Tongoni
Ruins; about 40 tombs believed to date from the 10th century.
Getting to Tanga
Buses run south from Mombasa via Lunga Lunga.
There are also shared taxis and matatus from Lunga Lunga (about an hour), if you miss the
direct connection and need to travel in stages. From Mombasa there are frequent buses to
the border as well as matatus and shared taxis. There's quite
a walk between the two border posts but you should be able to hitch a ride if there aren't
any pick-ups around.
Tanga is also the ideal place to get a dhow to Pemba Island, north of
Arusha, in north-east Tanzania, is a tourist gateway to Olduvai
Gorge and the scenic national parks of northern Tanzania.
National Parks and Reserves in Tanzania
Tanzania has more land devoted to national
parks and game reserves than any other wildlife destination in the world. Everything
from pristine coral reefs to the Crater Highlands, remote game reserves and the famous
national parks are protected by government law and placed in trust for future generations
to marvel at in wonder and awe.
This once small community in central Tanzania was enlarged in the
1980s to eventually replace Dar es-Salaam as the official capital.
Dodoma is connected with the main east-west railway, and a north-south
Airlines and Airports:
The national airline is Air Tanzania. Airports serving Dar es-Salaam, Zanzibar city, and
elsewhere provide domestic services and international connections.
Three of Africa's great lakes are situated on the borders of Tanzania
and partially within it: Lake Tanganyika in the western border, Lake Victoria in the
north-west, and Lake Nyasa (Malawi) on the south-west.
Tanzania Tourist Board:
The official website for tourism in Tanzania, with everything you need to know about the
beautiful country in one easy location.
The UNESCO World Heritage
Site of Kilwa Kiswani & Songo Mnara are
found on two adjoining, small islands situated just off the coast of the town of Kilwa
Masoko in south-eastern Tanzania.
Travel Guides - Tanzania
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