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Argentina Travel Notes

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Travel to Argentina.

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Map of Argentina

Map of Argentina

The capital of Argentina is Buenos Aires.

Argentina Flag

Flag of Argentina

The flag of Argentina is three equal horizontal bands of light blue (top), white, and light blue; centred in the white band is a radiant yellow sun with a human face known as the Sun of May.

The colours represent the clear skies and snow of the Andes; the sun symbol commemorates the appearance of the sun through cloudy skies on 25th May, 1810 - during the first mass demonstration in favour of independence.

Inti - Inca God of the sun
The sun features are those of Inti, the Inca god of the sun.

Argentina - Background Information

In 1816, the United Provinces of the Rio Plata declared their independence from Spain.

After Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay went their separate ways, the area that remained became Argentina.

The country's population and culture were heavily shaped by immigrants from throughout Europe, but most particularly Italy and Spain, which provided the largest percentage of newcomers from 1860 to 1930.

Up until about the mid-20th century, much of Argentina's history was dominated by periods of internal political conflict between Federalists and Unitarians and between civilian and military factions.

After World War II, an era of Peronist populism and direct and indirect military interference in subsequent governments was followed by a military junta that took power in 1976.

Democracy returned in 1983 after a failed bid to seize the Falkland (Malvinas) Islands by force, and has persisted despite numerous challenges, the most formidable of which was a severe economic crisis in 2001-02 that led to violent public protests and the successive resignations of several presidents.


Southern South America - bordering the South Atlantic Ocean; between Chile and Uruguay.

Administrative Divisions

23 provinces:
(provincias, singular - provincia)

Buenos Aires; Catamarca; Chaco; Chubut; Cordoba; Corrientes; Entre Rios; Formosa; Jujuy; La Pampa; La Rioja; Mendoza; Misiones; Neuquen; Rio Negro; Salta, San Juan; San Luis; Santa Cruz; Santa Fe; Santiago del Estero; Tierra del Fuego - Antartida e Islas del Atlantico Sur; Tucuman.
The US does not recognise any claims to Antarctica.

1 autonomous city:
(distrito federal)

Buenos Aires Capital Federal.


9th July, 1816 (from Spain).

National Holiday

Revolution Day: 25th May (1810).

Argentina Travel Guides

Lonely Planet Argentina (Travel Guide) The Rough Guide to Argentina (Rough Guide Argentina) Argentina f&b (+r)

Argentina Travel Guides - Argentina Maps.

Argentina Travel Notes

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