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The capital of Argentina is Buenos
The flag of Argentina is three equal horizontal bands of light
blue (top), white, and light blue; centred in the white band is a radiant yellow sun with
a human face known as the Sun of May.
The colours represent the clear skies and snow of the Andes; the sun
symbol commemorates the appearance of the sun through cloudy skies on 25th May, 1810 -
during the first mass demonstration in favour of independence.
The sun features are those of Inti, the Inca god of the sun.
In 1816, the United Provinces of the Rio Plata declared their
independence from Spain.
After Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay went their separate ways, the
area that remained became Argentina.
The country's population and culture were heavily shaped by immigrants
from throughout Europe, but most particularly Italy and Spain, which provided the largest
percentage of newcomers from 1860 to 1930.
Up until about the mid-20th century, much of Argentina's history was
dominated by periods of internal political conflict between Federalists and Unitarians and
between civilian and military factions.
After World War II, an era of Peronist populism and direct and
indirect military interference in subsequent governments was followed by a military junta
that took power in 1976.
Democracy returned in 1983 after a failed bid to seize the Falkland
(Malvinas) Islands by force, and has persisted despite numerous challenges, the most
formidable of which was a severe economic crisis in 2001-02 that led to violent public
protests and the successive resignations of several presidents.
Southern South America - bordering the
South Atlantic Ocean; between Chile and Uruguay.
(provincias, singular - provincia)
Buenos Aires; Catamarca; Chaco; Chubut; Cordoba; Corrientes; Entre
Rios; Formosa; Jujuy; La Pampa; La Rioja; Mendoza; Misiones; Neuquen; Rio Negro; Salta,
San Juan; San Luis; Santa Cruz; Santa Fe; Santiago del Estero; Tierra del Fuego -
Antartida e Islas del Atlantico Sur; Tucuman.
The US does not recognise any claims to Antarctica.
1 autonomous city:
Buenos Aires Capital Federal.
9th July, 1816 (from Spain).
Revolution Day: 25th May (1810).
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