- The Online Guide to Travel The Majesty of Lesotho - Travel to Africa's Mountain Kingdom

Travel Notes Directory

Lesotho by Tatenda Mapigoti on Unsplash.

Travel Notes: Africa - Lesotho Travel Notes.

Lesotho Travel Notes

Lesotho Flag

Short URL:

Lesotho Travel and Tourism on Travel Notes


If you're seeking an off-the-beaten-path adventure filled with breathtaking scenery, rich culture, and unique experiences, Lesotho is the perfect destination.

About Lesotho

Lesotho, officially known as the Kingdom of Lesotho,  is a small, landlocked country in Southern Africa offering a unique travel experience for people looking for adventure, stunning scenery, and cultural immersion.

Travel Map Mapping Lesotho

Map of Lesotho

Map of Lesotho

Lesotho, formerly Basutoland, is a small, mountainous monarchy entirely surrounded by South Africa; and heavily dependant on its neighbour.

The capital of Lesotho is Maseru.

The Soto

Moshoeshoe I, became undisputed leader of the Sotho people after setting up his headquarters at Thaba Bosiu and rallying the people against their foes in 1824.

From 1838 Moshoeshoe I fought off the expansionist Boers in numerous border clashes.

When the balance of power began to go against the Sotho, the British government eventually made his kingdom the British protectorate of Basutoland in 1868.

After his death, in 1870, the heirs of Moshoeshoe I became paramount chiefs.

Rejecting incorporation in South Africa as provided for in the South African Act of Union of 1910, Basutoland became independent as Lesotho on October 4, 1966.

On Independence Lesotho became a monarchy and the paramount chief, Moshoeshoe II, formally its king.

Lesotho Overview

The mountainous terrain makes many areas of Lesotho only accessible by horse or donkey; although more roads are being constructed for the Highlands Water Scheme.

The loti is fixed to the South African rand, with bank interest rates also linked to those of Lesotho's neighbour.

Capital City

Maseru is the capital and largest city of Lesotho.

It is situated on the north-western border of the country and serves as the economic, administrative, and cultural centre of Lesotho.


Basotho culture plays a significant role in Lesotho's identity.

Traditional arts and crafts, music, and dance are important cultural expressions.

The Basotho blanket, a distinctive and colourful woolen garment, is a symbol of Basotho culture and is often worn by both men and women.

The country also celebrates traditional ceremonies and festivals, such as the annual Basotho Hat Festival and the Maletsunyane Falls Challenge, a popular extreme sports event.


Lesotho is classified as a lower-middle-income country.

Its economy is largely based on agriculture, manufacturing, mining, and textiles.

The country is known for its high-quality wool and mohair production.

Additionally, Lesotho benefits from a well-developed textile and garment industry, exporting products to the United States under the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA).


The country is mountainous, with the Drakensberg and Maloti mountain ranges dominating its landscape.

Lesotho is the only independent state in the world that lies entirely over 1,000 metres in elevation; with Thabana Ntlenyana its highest point, at 3,482 metres above sea level.

Government and Politics

Lesotho is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system.

The King of Lesotho serves as the head of state, while the Prime Minister is the head of government.

The country has a multi-party system, and elections are held regularly to determine the composition of the Parliament.


The population of Lesotho is predominantly Basotho, the ethnic group native to the country.

The official language is Sesotho, and English is also widely spoken.


Lesotho's natural beauty and rugged mountain landscapes make it an attractive destination for outdoor enthusiasts and adventure travellers.

The country offers plenty of opportunities for hiking, pony trekking, and mountain biking.

Cultural tourism centered around Basotho traditions and heritage is gaining attention.

Visiting Lesotho

Also known as the 'Kingdom in the Sky', offers stunning mountainous landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and a variety of outdoor activities.

Lesotho Highlights

Basotho Culture

When visiting Lesotho, take the opportunity to learn about the rich cultural heritage of the Basotho people.

Discover their traditions, music, dance, and art, which play a significant role in shaping Lesotho's identity.

Maletsunyane Falls

Maletsunyane Falls is one of the highest single-drop waterfalls in Southern Africa.

Admire the breathtaking view and the power of the cascading water.

You can also enjoy outdoor activities like abseiling or hiking in the surrounding area.

Maloti-Drakensberg Park

Maloti-Drakensberg Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site shared between Lesotho and South Africa.

The park offers stunning landscapes, including the famous Amphitheatre, rock art sites, and opportunities for hiking and wildlife viewing.


Start your visit to Lesotho by exploring the capital city, Maseru.

Visit the Maseru Mall, enjoy local cuisine at restaurants like Café Mojo or Maseru Mall Food Court, and explore historical landmarks like the King's Palace.

Pony Trekking

Lesotho is famous for its pony trekking adventures.

Immerse yourself in the local culture by embarking on a pony trek; exploring the highlands, and interacting with the Basotho people from a conpletely different angle.

Sani Pass

Sani Pass, a steep mountain road connecting Lesotho with South Africa, is a popular tourist route.

Lesotho Experiences


Semonkong is a picturesque village known for its stunning scenery and outdoor activities.

Marvel at the beauty of the surrounding mountains and visit the iconic Semonkong Waterfalls, also known as 'The Place of Smoke'.


Thaba-Bosiu is a national monument and an important historical site in Lesotho.

It was the capital of the Basotho nation and served as a fortress during times of conflict.

Learn about the rich history of the Basotho people and the significance of Thaba-Bosiu.


Map of Maseru

Map of Maseru

Maseru, linked to South Africa by rail, was a small trading post until Moshoeshoe I, chief of the Basuto, made it his capital in 1869.

Other communities of note in Lesotho are Mafeteng and Teyateyaneng.

Hotels in Lesotho

Avani Maseru Hotel

Avani Maseru Hotel: 12 Orpen Road, Maseru, Lesotho.

Combining just the right blend of comfort, style, and service in the heart of Lesotho's capital city. Chill out by the pool, head out to explore the city, munch on tasty bites and snacks, or host an event in one of the hotel's flexible workspaces.

Guests at the Avani Maseru Hotel (Maseru Sun) rated the hotel's general cleanliness, fine dining and great location.

Maliba Lodge Lesotho

Maliba Lodge: Butha-Buthe, Lesotho.

If you're looking for luxury accommodation in Butha-Buthe, you can't go far wrong in Lesotho's first and only 5-star lodge. Stay in chalets that are exclusively yours.

Guests at the Maliba Lodge Lesotho were impressed with the delicious food, excellent service and wonderful views.

Hotels in Maseru.

The Orange River

The Orange River rises on the western slope of the Drakensberg range, in north-east Lesotho.

The river flows south-west through the landlocked monarchy and enters South Africa.

Lesotho Maps and Travel Guides

Lonely Planet South Africa, Lesotho & Swaziland (Travel Guide) The Rough Guide to South Africa, Lesotho & Swaziland

Lesotho Travel Guides - Lesotho Maps.

Weather in Africa:
Local weather forecasts for destinations around Africa.

Travel Map More From Travel Notes

Travel Notes Online Guide to Travel

Africa - Asia - Caribbean - Europe - Middle East - North America - Oceania - South America.

Travel Guides

The Travel Notes Online Guide to Travel helps visitors plan their trip with country and city travel guides, local tourist information, reviewed web sites, and regular travel articles.

Travel and Tourism Guides on Travel Notes

If Travel Notes has helped you, please take a moment to like us on Facebook and share with your friends on social media.

Travel Notes Travel Resources

Meta-Travel Advertise - Airlines - Airports - Business - Car Hire - City Guides - Cruises - Flights - Hostels - Hotels - Locations - Lodging - Meta-Travel - Rail Travel - Tips and Trips - Topsites - Tours - Travel Blogs - Travel Directory - Travel Insurance - Travel SEO - Vacation Rentals.

Travel & Tourism With Industry Professionals.

Travel and Tourism Websites and Blogs

Travel Notes Disclosure - Affiliates, Cookies, User Consent and Privacy Policy.
Besides display advertising, we may also receive a commission if you purchase a product or service that we link to.