- The Online Guide to Travel Visiting South Georgia and The South Sandwich Islands

Travel Notes Directory

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Gold Harbour
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Gold Harbour by Paul Carroll on Unsplash.

Travel Notes: Latin America - South Georgia Travel Notes.

South Georgia

British Flag

Short URL:

South Georgia Travel and Tourism on Travel Notes


The South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands are located in the South Atlantic Ocean, around 1,400 kilometres east of the Falkland Islands.

About South Georgia

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands are a remote and remarkable part of the world, offering unparalleled opportunities for wildlife viewing and exploration in one of the planet's most pristine and untouched environments.

Travel Map Mapping South Georgia Islands

Map of South Georgia Islands

Map of South Georgia Islands

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (SGSSI) is a British Overseas Territory situated in the southern Atlantic Ocean.

The South Georgia Islands are located east-southeast of the Falkland Islands; some 2,800 kilometres off South America's southern tip.

South Georgia Overview

The South Georgia Islands is a remote and rugged archipelago known for its stunning natural beauty and abundant wildlife.


The main island, South Georgia, is long and narrow, stretching about 170 kilometres (105 miles) from north to south and covering an area of around 3,755 square kilometres (1,450 square miles).

The terrain is mountainous, with rugged peaks and glaciers dominating the landscape.

Mount Paget is the highest peak, reaching 2,934 metres (9,626 feet) above sea level.


The islands' history is closely tied to the exploration and exploitation of Antarctica.

They were first sighted by a European, Captain James Cook, in 1775.

The islands later became a centre for the whaling industry in the 19th and early 20th centuries, with several whaling stations established there.

The remains of these stations, along with other historical sites such as Grytviken, now serve as tourist attractions and reminders of the islands' past.

Protection and Conservation

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands are protected as a wildlife sanctuary and designated as a Special Area for Conservation under the Antarctic Treaty System.

Various measures have been implemented to preserve the islands' fragile ecosystems and prevent invasive species from harming native wildlife.


The islands also serve as a base for scientific research, particularly in the fields of biology, ecology, and climate science.

Research stations operated by different countries conduct studies on the region's unique ecosystems and environmental changes.


Despite its remote location and challenging weather conditions, South Georgia has become an increasingly popular destination for adventure tourists and wildlife enthusiasts.

Visitors can explore its rugged landscapes, visit historical sites, and observe the diverse wildlife that inhabits the islands.


South Georgia is renowned for its incredible wildlife populations, particularly seabirds and marine mammals.

Millions of seabirds, including albatrosses, petrels, and penguins, nest on the island's rocky shores and cliffs.

Several species of seals, including Antarctic fur seals and elephant seals, breed on its beaches.

Whales, including humpback and southern right whales, can often be spotted in the surrounding waters.

Visiting South Georgia Islands

Visiting the South Georgia Islands is a remarkable experience, offering unparalleled opportunities to witness stunning landscapes, abundant wildlife, and historical sites.

Visiting the South Georgia Islands is a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to explore one of the world's most remote and pristine wilderness areas.

By planning carefully and respecting the natural environment, you can have a memorable and rewarding experience in this remarkable travel destination.

Choosing a Season

The best time to visit South Georgia Islands is during the austral summer, from October to March.

During this time, the weather is milder, and wildlife, including seals and penguins, are abundant.

However, keep in mind that weather conditions can be unpredictable, so be prepared for changes and pack accordingly.

Environmental Considerations

Respect the fragile ecosystems of the South Georgia Islands by following guidelines provided by tour operators and local authorities.

Avoid disturbing wildlife, stay on designated paths during hikes, and adhere to waste disposal regulations to minimise your impact on the environment.

Health and Safety

Be prepared for the remote and challenging conditions of the South Georgia Islands.

Ensure you have adequate travel insurance, bring necessary medications, and follow safety instructions provided by your tour operator or expedition leader.


Access to South Georgia Islands is primarily by sea, as there are no airports on the islands.

Expedition cruises from Ushuaia, Argentina, or Punta Arenas, Chile, are common ways to reach the islands.

These cruises typically include visits to other Antarctic or sub-Antarctic destinations as part of the itinerary.

Travel Requirements

Ensure you have all necessary travel documents, including passports, visas (if required), and any permits necessary for visiting the region.

Check with the appropriate authorities for the latest travel regulations and entry requirements.

South Georgia Islands Activities

Once you arrive, there are various activities to enjoy in South Georgia Islands.

Hiking and Exploration

Explore the islands' rugged terrain on guided hikes, where you can encounter breath-taking landscapes, glaciers, and historical sites.

Historical Sites

Visit former whaling stations, such as Grytviken, and other historical sites that offer insights into the islands' rich maritime history.


Capture the stunning scenery and wildlife encounters with your camera, creating lasting memories of your trip.

Research Stations

Some expedition cruises may offer visits to scientific research stations on the islands, providing opportunities to learn about ongoing research efforts in the region.

Wildlife Watching

South Georgia Islands are home to millions of seabirds, seals, and penguins.

Witness colonies of king penguins, Antarctic fur seals, and elephant seals in their natural habitats.

Where to Stay

Accommodations on the South Georgia Islands are limited, primarily consisting of research stations and small lodges.

Most visitors stay on expedition cruise ships, which offer comfortable accommodations and amenities during their voyage.

About South Georgia - South Atlantic Ocean

Located some 1,290 km south-east of the Falkland Islands, the island was first visited by Captain James Cook, in 1775.

Map of South Georgia

Until 1985 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, 750 km south-east of South Georgia, were governed as dependencies of The Falklands.

The local population is made up of scientists and seals.

King Edward Point

This is where you'll land your boat, if you visit South Georgia island.

The 1982 wreck of the Argentine landing craft 'Fenix' can be seen on the point as can the breeding Elephant seals; whose pups are usually born in October/November.

A cross was erected at Hope Point, in 1922; in memory of Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton.


The only 'village' on South Georgia is Grytviken, about 1km from the landing point.

Map of Grytviken

Map of Grytviken

Ernest Shackleton arrived in South Georgia after his ship, the Endurance, hit the Antarctic pack ice; in 1915.

South Georgia Museum

The South Georgia Museum is located in the old whaling station of Grytviken. The building was once the whaling manager’s home and office.

Visitors to South Georgia can also take a look at the restored Norwegian church and visit Shackleton's grave in the Grytviken cemetery. Thorvald Amundsen is also buried there.

Peaks of Ice

The highest peak on the mountainous island is Mount Paget (2,934 m).

South Georgia is almost perpetually icebound, yet still makes some feelings run hot in Argentina.

Argentine forces invaded in 1982; forcing the British Prime Minister at the time, Dame Margaret Thatcher, to assemble a naval task force to liberate the islands.

South Georgia - South Atlantic

South Georgia Explorer: Visitor's Map of South Georgia Including the South Sandwich Islands (Ocean Explorer Maps) Antarctica Cruising Guide: Includes Falkland Islands, South Georgia and Ross Sea

South Georgia Island - Falkland Islands Maps.

Travel Map More From Travel Notes

Travel Notes Online Guide to Travel

Africa - Asia - Caribbean - Europe - Middle East - North America - Oceania - South America.

Travel Guides

The Travel Notes Online Guide to Travel helps visitors plan their trip with country and city travel guides, local tourist information, reviewed web sites, and regular travel articles.

Travel and Tourism Guides on Travel Notes

If Travel Notes has helped you, please take a moment to like us on Facebook and share with your friends on social media.

Travel Notes Travel Resources

Meta-Travel Advertise - Airlines - Airports - Business - Car Hire - City Guides - Cruises - Flights - Hostels - Hotels - Locations - Lodging - Meta-Travel - Rail Travel - Tips and Trips - Topsites - Tours - Travel Blogs - Travel Directory - Travel Insurance - Travel SEO - Vacation Rentals.

Travel & Tourism With Industry Professionals.

Travel and Tourism Websites and Blogs

Travel Notes Disclosure - Affiliates, Cookies, User Consent and Privacy Policy.
Besides display advertising, we may also receive a commission if you purchase a product or service that we link to.

NextFalkland Islands.