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The Czech Republic (Czechia), a part of the former Republic of Czechoslovakia, was established on 1st January, 1993; when the Czechoslovak Federal Republic split into two independent states, the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
The Bohemian Forest forms Czechia's south-western border with Germany and Austria.
The country changed its short-form name to Czechia in 2016.
Czech Republic Maps and Travel Guides
Czech Bus and Train Timetables:
The national information system of Czech passenger transportation.
Weather in Europe:
Local weather forecasts for destinations around Europe.
The capital of the Czech Republic is located in the central Bohemia region, on both banks of the Vltava River.
The settlement of Prague dates from the 9th century, when it was the site of several Bohemian castles.
The city started to grow in the 13th century with the establishment of German communities by King Wenceslas I of Bohemia.
The German colonists developed the city rapidly, establishing the Altstadt in 1232. Trading prospered and the Neustadt was built to the south-east a century later.
Prague is one of the most picturesque cities in Europe, and since the fall of Communism has become a popular tourist destination; especially among young backpackers, who know about a good deal quickly.
Many bridges join the two parts of the city together, of which the most famous is the Karlsbrucke - Charles Bridge.
Charles Bridge was built in the 14th century and later adorned with statues of saints.
Painters and buskers use the bridge and unfortunately so do a few snatch thieves when it's crowded.
The main towns are on the east bank, the older part characterised by its crooked streets and architectural relics of Bohemian grandeur.
The 14th-century Tyn Cathedral was a centre of the religious revolt of the Hussites. The 14th-century town hall, Staromestska Radnice, is also in the Old Town.
The New Town has many public buildings, museums, and banks.
A gentle stroll across Charles bridge rewards your eyes with a number of Baroque palaces.
Above this district and dominating the entire city is Hradcany Castle; formerly the home of the kings of Bohemia and the President of the Czech Republic's residence today.
Next to the castle is the Gothic-style Cathedral of St Vitus, which contains the tombs of many Bohemian kings.
Prague Castle has stood on the hill overlooking the Old Town since the 10th century; with the city growing up around the castle, over the centuries.
Prague is high on the budget traveller's list of places to visit in Europe so you'd be wise to make your reservations online as the best places fill up quickly.
During World War II Prague was occupied by German forces, but escaped major damage.
Soviet troops invaded Prague in August 1968, and the city was also was the site of extensive non-violent demonstrations that led to the downfall of Czechoslovakia's Communist regime in 1989.
When arriving at Prague airport don't bother haggling with the taxi drivers.
A fast and extremely cheap way into the city is the number 119 bus, which departs outside the terminal and runs from 5am until 8pm.
You'll need change to buy a ticket (available from the machines next to the bus-stop) so buy something in the airport first.
If you're heading to Bratislava from Prague you'll probably pass through Brno.
Brno was founded in the 9th century and became a free city of the Holy Roman Empire in 1278.
The Cathedral of St Peter and St Paul dates from the 15th century, the Rathaus from the 16th century, and the Landhaus was built a few hundred years later.
Before World War I the city was the capital of the Austria-Hungarian crown land of Moravia.
Located in western Bohemia, Pilsen is the fourth largest city in the Czech Republic.
Founded by the Czech King Wenceslas II, Plzen is today famous for the brewing of Pilsner beer; a good enough reason to visit.
If you're not interested in the brewery you might like to stop at the 13th-century Gothic church, and the 16th-century Renaissance town hall.
Around The Czech Republic
The Olza River separates the Czech city of Ceske Tesin from the Polish city of Cieszyn.
The town was divided between Czechoslovakia and Poland in 1920, and reunited under Polish rule in 1938.
Germany annexed the towns during World War II, and Ceske Tesin joined Czechoslovakia after the war.
Ceske Budejovice is the largest city in South Bohemia.
Situated on a hill between the Orlice and Elbe rivers, east of Prague, the old town has many medieval buildings around its 14th-century cathedral.
Liberec, founded in the 14th century, was nicknamed the Bohemian Manchester because its principal industry was the manufacture of textiles.
If you intend to venture north of Prague, there is a 16th-century church and a 17th-century castle here.
Olomouc is the second most historical city in The Czech Republic and a gateway to the Jeseniky mountains.
Ostrava, in eastern Czech Republic, was founded in the late 13th century by the bishop of Olomouc as a protection against invaders from the north.
The cultural character of Czech cities, villages and spa towns has always been a source of inspiration for Visitors to Czechia, who come from all corners of the world.
The official language of Czechia is Czech, which is closely related to Slovak. Both Czech and Slovak use the Roman alphabet.
Moravian, a transitional language between Czech and Slovak and comprising a group of dialects, is also spoken, along with German, Hungarian, and Romany.
Most speakers of minority languages can speak Czech and the younger generation also speak English or German.
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