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Machu Picchu, Peru
Machu Picchu, Peru by Babak Fakhamzadeh on Unsplash.

Travel Notes: Latin America - Peru Travel Notes.

Peru Travel Notes

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Peru Travel and Tourism on Travel Notes


Find Peru Travel and Tourist Information with links to official travel and tourism websites and state resources for visitors to Peru.

About Peru

Peru is a diverse and fascinating country located in western South America known for its rich history and culture, natural beauty, and iconic landmarks such as Machu Picchu and the Colca Canyon.

Peru's rich history, stunning landscapes, and cultural diversity make it a captivating destination for travellers and a country with an unique and cherished identity.

Countries neighbouring Peru: Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia and Chile.

Travel Map Mapping Peru

Map of Peru

Map of Peru

Peru is divided into three regions: the coastal desert, extending the length of the country; the upper Andes mountain range; and the jungle.

Peru borders Ecuador to the north-west, Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the south-east and Chile to the south.

Peru Overview

Peru is known for its rich history, stunning landscapes, vibrant culture, and ancient civilisations.

Amazon Rainforest

Peru is home to a significant portion of the Amazon Rainforest, one of the most biodiverse regions on the planet.

The Peruvian Amazon offers incredible opportunities for ecotourism and provides a habitat for countless plant and animal species.


Peruvian cuisine is renowned world-wide for its diversity and unique flavours.

The country's cuisine is a blend of indigenous ingredients and cooking methods with influences from Spanish, African, Chinese, and Japanese immigrants.

Dishes like ceviche (raw fish marinated in lime juice), lomo saltado (stir-fry beef with vegetables), and causa (a layered potato dish) are just a few examples of the delectable offerings.

Festivals and Traditions

Peruvian culture is steeped in traditions and celebrations.

Various festivals take place throughout the year, combining Catholic religious practices with indigenous customs.

The most famous of these is Inti Raymi; the Festival of the Sun, which honours the Inca sun god and takes place in Cusco every June.

Geographic Diversity

Peru boasts a diverse geography, ranging from the arid desert coast along the Pacific Ocean to the high Andes mountains and the lush Amazon rainforest in the eastern part of the country.

This variation in landscapes allows for a wide array of ecosystems, flora, and fauna.

History and Ancient Civilisations

Peru has a deep and illustrious history that dates back thousands of years.

It was home to several significant pre-Columbian civilisations, such as the Norte Chico, Moche, Chavin, Paracas, and Nazca cultures.

However, the most famous and influential of these civilisations was the Inca Empire, which thrived in the 15th and early 16th centuries.

The capital of the Inca Empire was Cusco, and their most iconic site is Machu Picchu; an ancient citadel perched high in the Andes Mountains.


Spanish is the official language of Peru, but there are also numerous indigenous languages spoken throughout the country; such as Quechua, Aymara, and many others.

Machu Picchu

This UNESCO World Heritage site, and one of the New Seven Wonders of the World, is an ancient Inca citadel that has captivated the world with its awe-inspiring architecture and breathtaking surroundings.

Machu Picchu is a popular destination for tourists and trekkers, who often hike the Inca Trail to reach this historical refuge.

Modern Cities

Peru has vibrant cities that combine modernity with a rich historical legacy.

Lima, the capital, is a bustling metropolis known for its gastronomy, colonial architecture, and diverse neighborhoods.

Other major cities include Arequipa, Trujillo, and Cusco; all with their unique charm and attractions.

Natural Wonders

Besides Machu Picchu and the Amazon Rainforest, Peru is home to numerous other natural wonders.

Colca Canyon, one of the world's deepest canyons, is a popular destination for trekking and spotting Andean condors.

Lake Titicaca, the highest navigable lake in the world, is shared with Bolivia and offers picturesque landscapes and cultural encounters with indigenous communities.

Political Challenges

Peru, like many countries, faces its share of challenges, including economic inequality, poverty, and environmental issues related to deforestation and illegal mining in the Amazon rainforest.

Peru Tourism

The official tourism website of Peru offers information on planning a trip to the country, including visa requirements, transportation options, and recommended activities.

Peru Highlights

Amazon Rainforest

Peru is part of the Amazon Basin, and there are several entry points where you can experience the incredible biodiversity of the Amazon Rainforest and encounter indigenous cultures.


Known as the 'White City' due to its volcanic stone buildings, Arequipa boasts impressive colonial architecture and is a gateway to the Colca Canyon, where you can see the majestic Andean condors.


The ancient capital of the Inca Empire, Cusco is a fascinating city with a mix of Incan and Spanish colonial architecture.

It serves as the gateway to Machu Picchu and offers plenty of historical sites, museums, and lively markets to explore.

Huascaran National Park

If you love outdoor adventures, consider visiting this national park, which is home to Peru's highest peak, Huascaran, and offers stunning hiking opportunities amid the Cordillera Blanca mountain range.

Lake Titicaca

Straddling the border between Peru and Bolivia, Lake Titicaca is the highest navigable lake in the world and is known for its floating reed islands and traditional indigenous communities.


Peru's capital city, Lima, is a bustling metropolis with a dynamic culinary scene, vibrant neighbourhoods, and interesting museums.

Don't miss trying the delicious Peruvian cuisine, known for its ceviche, anticuchos, and Pisco Sour.

Machu Picchu

A must-visit UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the New Seven Wonders of the World, Machu Picchu is an ancient Incan citadel perched high in the Andes Mountains.

Its breathtaking beauty and historical significance make it a top destination for travellers.

Nazca Lines

Located in the Nazca Desert, these ancient geoglyphs are massive, intricate designs etched into the ground, visible only from the air.

Taking a flight over the Nazca Lines is an unique experience.

Peru Excursions

Sacred Valley

Located near Cusco, the Sacred Valley is a picturesque region with stunning landscapes and numerous Inca ruins.

It's a great place to acclimatise to the high altitude before heading to Machu Picchu.

Travel Tips

Peru is a country with a wide range of climates and altitudes, so pack accordingly and be prepared for changes in weather.

Additionally, respect the local culture and traditions, and be mindful of responsible tourism practices to help preserve Peru's natural and cultural treasures.

Before travelling, always check the latest travel advisories and requirements, and ensure you have the necessary visas and vaccinations for your trip.

The Incas

The Incas were the great civilisation of the area, until they suffered at the hands of the Spanish conquistadors between 1532 and 1535.

The Spaniards then went on to found the city of Lima. Lucky for us, they never found Machu Pichu.

Much of the Inca stonework can also be found in the foundations of Cuzco houses.

As the population is still about 45% Native American, traditional Huayno music is very popular; especially in the Andean region.

Ever since Pizarro tricked the Inca, Atahualpa, into capture, slaughtered him, and looted the City of Cuzco, this Andean country has become synonymous with robbery.

Andes Expedition:
Searching for Inca Secrets proves that National Geographic are a force in the Internet medium too.

Machu Picchu Guides:
Take a companion with you on the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu.

Lake Titicaca

Lake Titicaca Reed Boats

Lake Titicaca, in south-eastern Peru, is the largest lake in South America and the highest navigable lake in the world.

The Uros Indians have built villages on the reeds, although the visit has become a little touristy. There is even a church, and an excellent lookout tower.

Peru Introduction

Enjoy Peru:
An excellent resource on Peru, in five languages. Thousands of pages and photographs covering all the main tourist destinations in Peru as well as tour suggestions and plenty of interesting articles.

Introduction to Peru:
A comprehensive introduction indeed, from Interknowledge.

Manu Wildlife Center:
Located in the remote and wild Manu Wilderness of south-eastern Peru. Amidst spectacular forest and incredible scenery, the density and diversity of animal and plant species reach a peak in the extreme western Amazon, near the foot of the Andes.

Albergue Turistico:
International Tourist Youth Hostel located in Miraflores, offering shared family and private rooms all private bathroom. Hall TV, swimming pool and dining rooms.

Peru Travel

Circuit of the Huaywash:
Judith Kunst's creatively presented travelogue with photos from a classic trek in the Peruvian Andes. Check out the animated GIF on the Hiking Links page too.

iLatin Travel:
Comprehensive travel guide to places of interest in Peru.

Peru - Flights:
International arrival and departures on any airline.

The Peru Guide:
An entertainment guide-magazine that provides information and insights about current events, bars, restaurants, shops, and accommodation facilities for Lima and Cusco.

Peru Travelogues

Rafting Down the Amazon: (March 1997)
Charles Brennick buys a raft in Pucallpa for $2 then sets about refurbishing it and getting permission to float down the Ucayali.

Ice Mummies

The Ice Maiden:
The Mountain Institute bring to the surface an important scientific discovery. We won't spoil the plot, go and take a look for yourselves.

Ice Mummies of the Inca:
Another excellent production from PBS.


Spanish is the main language of Peru, with the native language of Quechua being recognised as an official language in 1975.

The Spaniards may have brought their language and religion to Peru, but they couldn't take away the culture of the Indians.

Learning Spanish in Peru

While many travellers choose Antigua, in Guatemala, to learn Spanish, Cusco is a great place too.

Programs are generally four hours a day, so there's plenty of time to explore the sights and make it out to Macchu Pichu.

Staying with a family is a great way to continue your Spanish learning in a homely atmosphere.

In Cusco

Located in a charming Peruvian courtyard building about five minutes on foot from the Plaza de Armas. Uses the Natural Approach.

Don Quijote:
Immersion program, located in the centre of Cusco. This is a partner school of the Salamanca-based firm, in Spain. Promotional offices in London, Bordeaux and Rotterdam for Europeans to talk to the Don Quijote staff.


Cusco Travel Tips

High tourist season in Cusco runs from the last weeks of May to September. The peak is in June, especially at the end of the month; during the Inti Raymi festival. The last week of July is also a crowded period, due to the Fiestas Patrias celebrations (Peru's Independence Day). If you plan to visit Cusco during these 2 months, you should make your hotel reservations as far in advance as possible.

Many hotels in Cusco can be found around the Plaza de Armas (the main square) and in the San Blas quarter, where most of the city's cultural and entertainment activity takes place.

The main square itself holds the largest share of Cusco's bars and clubs, and can be very noisy and annoying if you are looking for a good night's sleep. In other words, you may want to move a block or two outside of the Plaza.

San Blas, the bohemian district, is at walking distance from the centre, though uphill (or downhill). It could be a problem, in particular at 3,400 metres (11,000 feet) above sea level. However, once there you can enjoy some of the best views of the red-tiled roofs of the old Inca capital.

By The Peru Guide.

Accommodation in Cusco

Best Western Los Andes de America: Calle Garrilaso 236.
A unique combination of modern hotel infrastructure and colonial architecture located in the heart of the city of Cuzco; just two blocks away from the main square, Plaza de Armas.

Peru Travel Guides

Lonely Planet Peru (Travel Guide) DK Eyewitness Travel Guide Peru

Peru Travel Guides - Peru Maps.

Weather in South America:
Local weather forecasts for destinations around Latin  America.

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