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Travel Notes: Asia: Tajikistan Travel Notes

Tajikistan Travel Notes.

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Find Tajikistan Travel and Tourist Information with links to official travel and tourism websites and state resources for visitors to Tajikistan.

About Tajikistan

Tajikistan was a former republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Together with Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan it forms a region known as Central Asia.

Central Asia

Countries neighbouring Tajikistan are: Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, China and Afghanistan.

Map of Tajikistan

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Dushanbe (Stalinabad)

The capital of Tajikistan is in the Gissar Valley, to the east of the country.

In 1929 the village of Dyushanbe was made the capital of the newly created Tadzhik Soviet Socialist Republic and renamed Stalinabad.

With the completion of a rail link the same year, the growth of Stalinabad was rapid.

The city was expanded with the Soviet taste for wide streets and large squares. Trees were planted and in 1961 it was renamed Dushanbe; as memories of Stalin were being eradicated.

Civil War

The outbreak of civil war between pro-Communists and Islamic-democrats, in 1992, forced many Uzbeks and Russians to leave the country.

Russian troops are still stationed along Tajikistan's southern border with Afghanistan.

Ethnik Tajiks

The ethnic Tajiks are an Iranian people, with a Sunni Muslim heritage. During the seventy years of Soviet rule, when mosques were closed and the practising of religion prohibited, Tajik Muslims continued to practise Islam in secret.

The revival of Islam has seen thousands of mosques constructed in recent years.

Communism Peak

Tajikistan, independent since 1991, is a mountainous country; its highest point being Ismoili Somoni Peak (7,498 m), re-named in 1998 to commemorate an early Tajik ruler.

The mountain, in the north-western Pamirs of north-east Tajikistan, was known as Garmo Peak until 1933, and Stalin Peak until 1962; when the name of the highest point in the former Soviet Union was changed to Communism Peak (Pik Kommunizma).

Khujand (Leninabad)

The country's second largest city, Khujand, was formerly known as Leninabad.

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