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Travel Notes: Africa: Nigeria Travel Notes

Nigeria Travel Notes

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Nigeria Travel and Tourism on Travel Notes


Find Nigeria Travel and Tourist Information with links to official travel and tourism websites and state resources for visitors to Nigeria.

About Nigeria

Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa, and takes its name from that of its major river, the Niger.

Nigeria Country Information

Countries neighbouring Nigeria are: Benin, Niger, Chad and Cameroon.

Map of Nigeria

Nigeria was once a number of ethnically based kingdoms and rival Yoruba states until the British brought them under its control, in the early 1900s.

The country became independent on October 1, 1960, but tension among its ethnic groups soon followed.

The Yoruba were mainly in the south-west, the Ibo in the south-east, and the Hausa and Fulani in the north.

Weather in Africa:
Local weather forecasts for destinations around Africa.


When Nigeria came under military control, in 1966, the mainly Christian Ibo people tried to separate from Nigeria.

After suffering a massacre at the hands of the mainly Islamic Hausa and Fulani people, who dominated the government, the Ibo formed the Republic of Biafra (1967-1970).

This sparked off a civil war, and an estimated million people died in Biafra; from starvation, caused by food shortages.

Nigeria Travel

Nigeria by Road

Nigeria's excellent network of roads include motorways linking Lagos to Ibadan and Benin City.

Nigeria by Rail

Like many European countries, railways in Nigeria have declined in importance because of competition from the expanding road system.

Nigeria by Air

Security at Lagos airport has not always been considered at its best in recent years.

Airlines and Airports:
International airports serve Lagos on the coast and Kano in the north, while smaller airfields provide services to other major cities. Nigeria Airways is the state-owned airline.

Bellview Airlines:
Flies from Lagos to Abuja, Amsterdam, Banjul, Bombay, Freetown, Kano,  Nairobi and Port Harcourt.

Around Nigeria

The Niger river enters Nigeria at the north-western border with Niger and Benin, and empties into the Atlantic Ocean in the south; forming the largest delta in Africa.

In this area you can find mangrove forests, lagoons, and swamps; and of course crocodiles and snakes.

In the Northeast, the rivers drain into Lake Chad.

Large African mammals have mostly disappeared from Nigeria, as a result of man's heavy presence in the country.


Abuja, in the centre of Nigeria, replaced Lagos - the largest city - as the national capital in December 1991; after 15 years of planning and construction.

Planners sought to create a national city in an ethnically neutral area, where none of Nigeria's social and religious groups would be dominant.


Lagos is built on several islands and parts of the mainland, on the Bight of Benin.

It is still considered the cultural and commercial capital of Nigeria, and at times it seems as though the whole country is in the streets.

The old city is on western Lagos island.

The main ethnic group of Lagos are the Yoruba people, and it was on this old Yoruba settlement that early Portuguese traders bestowed the name of one of their home ports.

Landing in Lagos:
Lagos might not be the ideal starting point for a trip to West Africa, but at least the Nigerians speak English, and to travel West from here gives you the beaches of Gambia to relax on at the end of it all.

Hotels in Lagos

The Wheatbaker Lagos - Official Hotel Website
The Wheatbaker Lagos - 4 Lawrence Road, Ikoyi, Lagos, Nigeria.

The 5-star Wheatbaker Lagos is a stylish and modern luxury boutique hotel, ideal for the corporate traveller.

Join the Meta Travel Community to add your reviews Guests at The Wheatbaker Lagos said the rooms were in good condition, comfortable and immaculate. They were also impressed with the level of service provided by staff.

Nigeria World

Buzz Nigeria:
News and entertainment website designed with Nigerians in mind.

Nigerian Language and Culture

The official language of Nigeria is English.

Hausa is the most widely spoken of the African languages, mainly in the north; followed by Yoruba, Ibo, Kanuri, and Tiv.

Nigerian Art and Literature

Nigeria has a rich cultural tradition.

Terracotta sculptures and Benin bronze work from the region are famous throughout the world.

Traditional storytelling has also influenced the modern written work of Amos Tutuola, Wole Soyinka, Chinua Achebe, and Ben Okri.

This House Has Fallen:
To understand Africa, you have to understand Nigeria, and few Americans understand Nigeria better than Karl Maier; presenting you with a bracing, disturbing, evocative report on the state of Africa's most populous, potentially richest, and most dangerously dysfunctional nation.

Nigerian Museums

The Nigerian government has tried to stop the sale and shipment of major Nigerian works of art out of the country, and has requested the return of art taken out during the colonial era.

This gives the visitor to Nigeria a culturally rich choice of museums to visit in many towns outside of Lagos: Benin City, Ibadan, Ife, Ilorin, Jos, and Kaduna.

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Nigeria Maps and Travel Guides

Nigeria, 3rd (Bradt Travel Guide) Welcome to Lagos - By Chibundu Onuzo

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