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Skopje, North Macedonia
Skopje, North Macedonia by Lex Melony on Unsplash.

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North Macedonia Travel and Tourism on Travel Notes


North Macedonia is rich in history, culture, and natural beauty. Embark on a journey through this enchanting land to discover a tapestry of travel experiences.

About North Macedonia

North Macedonia is a fascinating travel destination with stunning mountain ranges and ancient villages to unique cultural experiences and outdoor adventures.

Some popular tourist sights include Matka Canyon, Mavrovo National Park, and Vrelo Cave.

Travellers can also explore the country's rich history and culture, including its many churches, monasteries, and museums.

Countries neighbouring North Macedonia: Albania, Kosovo, Serbia, Bulgaria and Greece.

Travel Map Mapping North Macedonia

Map of North Macedonia

Map of North Macedonia

North Macedonia is bordered by Greece to the south, Bulgaria to the east, Serbia to the north, Albania to the west, and Kosovo to the north-west.

The capital and largest city of North Macedonia is Skopje.

North Macedonia Overview

A landlocked country located in the Balkan Peninsula of South-east Europe, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, or FYROM, is now known as the Republic of North Macedonia (North Macedonia); in a bid to join NATO and the European Union, without causing Greece to veto their applications.

The country is known for its warm hospitality and friendly atmosphere, making it a growing tourist destination.

About Macedonia

The use of the name of Republic of Macedonia was contested by Greece, when the former Yugoslav republic declared itself an independent nation in 1991.

The name change, to North Macedonia, aimed to differentiate it from the Greek region of Macedonia.Brief History of Macedonia

Historically, the region of Macedonia has been significant due to its location at the crossroads of various civilisations and empires.

It was once part of the ancient Macedonian kingdom ruled by Alexander the Great, who expanded his empire across much of the known world in the 4th century BC.

Later, the area came under the rule of the Roman Empire, Byzantine Empire, Ottoman Empire, and various other powers throughout history.

The modern state of Macedonia emerged after the breakup of Yugoslavia in the early 1990s.

Initially, it declared independence in 1991 as the Republic of Macedonia. However, a long-standing naming dispute with Greece led to a change in the country's name in 2019, resolving the issue.

Tensions exist in North Macedonia, especially between the ethnic Albanians and the ethnic Macedonian Slav majority, but ethnic cleansing hasn't been carried out.

Cultural Heritage

The cultural heritage of North Macedonia is diverse and rich.

The country is known for its archaeological sites, such as the ancient city of Stobi and the ruins of Heraclea Lyncestis.

The city of Ohrid, situated on Lake Ohrid, is a UNESCO World Heritage site renowned for its Byzantine churches, monasteries, and ancient Roman theatre.

North Macedonia offers a blend of natural beauty, with picturesque landscapes, mountains, lakes, and national parks

 It has a rich cultural scene, including traditional music, dance, cuisine, and festivals.

One notable event is the Ohrid Summer Festival, featuring various cultural performances.


North Macedonia is a parliamentary democracy with a mixed economy.

The country has made significant strides in its integration with Euro-Atlantic institutions, including becoming a member of the United Nations (UN) in 1993 and joining the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in 2020.


The economy of North Macedonia has been undergoing a transition from a centrally planned system to a market-based economy since its independence.

It has a diverse economy with industries such as manufacturing, agriculture, and services.

The country has also been making efforts to attract foreign investment.


The people of North Macedonia, known as Macedonians, belong to various ethnic groups.

The majority are ethnic Macedonians, followed by Albanians, Turks, Roma, and other smaller communities.

The official language is Macedonian, a Slavic language, but Albanian is also recognised as an official language in areas with a significant Albanian population.

Macedonian was proclaimed a language in 1944, although Greece doesn't recognise this name. The language uses the Cyrillic script and is closely related to Bulgarian.


North Macedonia has several tourist attractions, including the historic city of Ohrid, which is known for its beautiful lake, ancient churches, and cultural heritage.

Skopje, the capital, has undergone significant reconstruction and development in recent years, with new monuments and buildings.

Visiting North Macedonia

North Macedonia is a small but vibrant country with a fascinating history, diverse culture, and beautiful landscapes.

North Macedonia Highlights

North Macedonia's rich history, stunning landscapes, and warm hospitality make it a fantastic destination for exploration and discovery.


Travel to Bitola, a city with a rich cultural heritage and a charming Ottoman-era atmosphere.

Explore the Shirok Sokak, a bustling pedestrian street lined with shops, cafes, and historic buildings.

Don't miss the Heraclea Lyncestis archaeological site, showcasing impressive ruins from the ancient Greek and Roman periods.

Historical Sites

Explore ancient archaeological sites such as Heraclea Lyncestis, a Roman city, and the ancient town of Stobi, which was once an important Roman settlement.

Kokino Observatory

For history and astronomy buffs, Kokino Observatory is a must-visit.

This ancient archaeological site features a 3,800-year-old megalithic observatory, which is one of the oldest in the world.

Learn about the astronomical knowledge of the Bronze Age civilisation and admire the panoramic views.

Lake Ohrid

Head south-west to Lake Ohrid, one of Europe's oldest and deepest lakes.

The town of Ohrid, located on its shores, is a UNESCO World Heritage site.

Admire the beautiful Byzantine churches, such as the Church of St. John at Kaneo, and enjoy the stunning views of the lake and surrounding mountains.

Macedonian Cuisine

North Macedonia offers a delicious culinary experience with dishes like kebabs, ajvar (pepper-based condiment), and tavche gravche (baked beans).

Make sure to try some local wine and rakija (fruit brandy).

Matka Canyon

Just outside of Skopje, you'll find the picturesque Matka Canyon.

Take a boat ride along the river and marvel at the vertical cliffs, caves, and diverse flora and fauna.

Visit the Monastery of St. Andrew, perched on a cliff overlooking the canyon.

Mavrovo National Park

If you're a nature enthusiast, make sure to visit Mavrovo National Park.

Located in the western part of the country, the national park offers breathtaking scenery, including mountains, lakes, and dense forests; great for hikers.

Pelister National Park

South-east of Bitola, you'll find Pelister National Park, known for its diverse flora and fauna.

Explore the rugged mountain landscap


The capital of North Macedonia offers an interesting mix of Ottoman and European architectural influences.

Explore the Old Bazaar, an atmospheric area filled with shops, cafes, and historic buildings.e, hike to the peak of Mount Pelister, and discover the enchanting landscapes, including the Big Lake and the beautiful Pelister Lakes.

Take a stroll along the Vardar River and visit the iconic Stone Bridge, the symbol of Skopje. Don't miss the Skopje Fortress.

Skopje is also known for its statues and monuments, especially in the city centre.

Skopje Excursions

Travel in Macedonia

When visiting North Macedonia be sure to purchase a good map and be aware that signs may be in Cyrrilic.

Main Airports

Skopje (Alexander the Great) is 25km (16 miles) from the city.

To/from the airport:
Taxis are available to the city centre (journey time – 25 to 30 minutes).

Include duty-free shop, bar and restaurant, bank/bureau de change, baggage facilities, post office and car hire.

There is also an airport at Ohrid.

Getting Around By Air

There are no regularly scheduled domestic flights - however, there are occasional flights between Ohrid and Skopje.

Macedonia by Rail

Intercity trains operate between Skopje and Belgrade (Serbia). Trains also run between Skopje and Thessaloniki (Greece).

Getting Around by Rail

All the main internal road and rail services are operating normally, with links from Skopje to Kumanovo in the north, to Stip in the east, to Veles and Gevgelija in the south, and to Prilep and Bitola in the southwest.

Rail Passes

InterRail’s One-Country Pass offers travel for three, four, six or eight days in one month within North Macedonia.

Macedonia by Road

The E75 European Highway passes through the heart of Macedonia, from Skopje, Veles, the wine region, to Gevgelija, the road continues on down to Greece.

Along the highway, Macedonia offers plenty of attractions for visitors who transit through the country.

Getting Around by Bus

The international bus station in Skopje serves buses destined for Tirana (Albania), Sofia (Bulgaria), Belgrade (Serbia) and Istanbul (Turkey). There are also buses to Germany.

The bus network in North Macedonia is well developed with frequent services from Skopje to Ohrid and Bitola. Long-distance buses need to be booked well in advance.

Visit Macedonia

The Agency for Promotion and Support of Tourism in the Republic of North Macedonia is an institution established by the Government of the Republic of North Macedonia.

The main function of the Agency for Promotion and Support of Tourism is promoting tourism resources of the Republic of North Macedonia for foreign markets, as well as management and support of projects aimed at developing tourism in general.

Travel 2 Macedonia

If you visit Macedonia from April to October, most places in Macedonia have an ideal climate that is perfect for relaxing and enjoying the beautiful nature of mountains and lakes, while the rest of the year you have the clear Macedonian mountains and ski resorts.

Macedonia remains one of Europe's last great undiscovered countries: a natural paradise of mountains, lakes and rivers, where life moves to a different rhythm, amidst the sprawling grandeur of rich historical ruins and idyllic villages that have remained practically unchanged for centuries.


The capital of North Macedonia is in the north of the country, on the Vardar River.

Map of Skopje

Map of Skopje

Skopje, then called Scupi, was the capital of the kingdom of ancient Dardania.

The Serbs and then the Turks came through in the late Middle Ages, and it became an important city in the Ottoman Empire.

An earthquake destroyed most of the city in 1963, including many ancient mosques.

Where to Stay in Skopje

Best Western Hotel Turist

Best Western Hotel Turist

Best Western Hotel Turist: Gjuro Strugar Street 11, Skopje.

Its central location, in the very heart of Skopje, makes this Best Western hotel an ideal base from which to explore all the major sights on foot. The House of Parliament and birthplace of Mother Teresa are within easy walking distance of the hotel.

Skopje's Best Western Hotel Turist is an international class hotel with a local ambience. The hotel's restaurant serves local and international cuisine.

Hotels in Skopje.


Near Bitola, in the southern part of North Macedonia, are the ruins of the Greek settlement of Heraclea Lyncestis.

Hotels in Bitola.


Known as The Balkan Jerusalem, Ohrid's ancient past makes it a cultural, spiritual and tourist centre today.

Ohrid is a world cultural and natural heritage listed city, under the protection of UNESCO since 1980.

There are a number of interesting art galleries in and around Ohrid.

National Park Galicica

Situated on Mount Galicica, between the Lakes of Ohrid and Prespa, the park is renowned for its exceptional natural beauty and extremely opulent and endemic flora and fauna.

Ohrid Summer Festival

Mid-July to mid-August is the time to enjoy Ohrid at it's artistic best.

Where to Stay in Ohrid:
Selection of Ohrid accommodation, some of it situated around the lake.

Macedonia Travel Guides

North Macedonia (Bradt Travel Guides) Western Balkans - Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia.

Macedonia Travel Guides - Macedonia Maps.

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